J.K. Rowling ist the creator des the "Harry Potter" fantasy series, one des the most popular book and film franchises bei history.

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Who is J.K. Rowling?

J.K. Rowling, zu sein a brother author and screenwriter ideal known weil das her seven-book Harry töpfer children's publication series. The collection has sold much more than 500 million copies and was adapted into a blockbuster film franchise. 

Early Life

Rowling was born jone Rowling ~ above July 31, 1965, an Yate, England. She adopted produziert pen name, J.K., incorporating herstellung grandmother's name, Kathleen, for the latter frühen zeitpunkt (Rowling go not oase a middle name).

A graduate of the University of Exeter, Rowling moved kommen sie Portugal in 1990 to teach English. There, she met und married ns Portuguese journalisten Jorge Arantes. The couple's daughter, Jessica, was born an 1993. After herstellung marriage ended bei divorce, Rowling relocated to edinburgh with herstellung daughter to direkt near her younger sister, Di.

While struggling to support produziert daughter Jessica and herself ~ above welfare, Rowling operated on her zuerst book bei the Harry Potter series. Ns idea for the book reportedly occurred to her while she was traveling on a train indigenous Manchester to London an 1990.


J.K. Rowling attends die European premiere des 'Fantastic Beasts und Where kommen sie Find Them' weist Odeon Leicester Square on november 15, 2016, in London, England.

Photo: Mike Marsland/WireImage


'Harry Potter und the Sorcerer’s Stone'

After a number von rejections, Rowling ultimately sold her zuerst book, Harry Potter und the Philosopher's Stone, for the equivalent des about $4,000; that hit shelves an June 1997. Ns word "Philosopher" an the book’s original title was changed kommen sie "Sorcerer" weil das its publication in America.

The book was the start of a seven-book series chronicling die life von the young wizard harry Potter und his motley maßband of cohorts at die Hogwarts School des Witchcraft und Wizardry.

'Harry Potter und the Chamber von Secrets'

The second book in the Harry töpfer series, Harry Potter and the Chamber von Secrets, came out an July 1998.

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'Harry Potter und the Prisoner von Azkaban'

The dritter book in Rowling's series, Harry Potter und the Prisoner of Azkaban, struggle shelves in July 1999. By the complying with summer, the erste three sich kümmern Potter books had earned approximately $480 million bei three years, v over 35 million copies an print in 35 languages.

'Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire'

The phenomenal response kommen sie Rowling's publications culminated in July 2000, when the fourth volume bei the series, Harry Potter und the Goblet von Fire, became die fastest-selling book in 24 hrs ever. The book saw a erste printing von 5.3 million copies und advance orders of over 1.8 million.

'Harry Potter und the Order des the Phoenix'

After a postponed release date, ns fifth installment, Harry Potter und the Order of the Phoenix, hit bookstores in June 2003.

'Harry Potter und the Half-Blood Prince'

The sixth installment, released bei July 2005, marketed 6.9 million copies in the vereinigt States an its zuerst 24 hours. Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince was the greatest opening bei publishing history.

'Harry Potter und the Deathly Hallows'

Prior kommen sie its July 2007 release, die seventh und final installment in the harry Potter series, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, was the largest ever pre-ordered book weist Barnes & Noble and Borders bookstores und at Rowling does not plan kommen sie write any much more books in the series, return she has not entirely rule out the possibility.

READ MORE: Harry Potter: die Real-Life Inspirations Behind J.K. Rowling's Characters

'The Tales von Beedle ns Bard'

This collection von five fables mentioned an the harry Potter book series, The Tales of Beedle the Bard, was released ~ above December 4, 2008, weist a tea party weil das 200 schoolchildren weist the national Library of Scotland an Edinburgh.

Rowling donated every royalties from die book to the Children's High Level group (which has actually been renamed Lumos), a charity the she co-founded zu support institutionalized children in Eastern Europe.

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'The Casual Vacancy'

Rowling's first book aimed weist adults, The Casual Vacancy, was published in September 2012. The novel, a dark comedy around a local election bei the klein English town von Pagford, received combined reviews.

A book review in The new York Times called the novel "disappointing" and "dull." A review in The Telegraph, however, gave the book 3 out des five stars, stating that “Jane Austen herself would admire the way mirrors the news of Barry’s fatality spreading choose a virus round Pagford."

'Cuckoo Calling,' 'The Silkworm,' 'Career des Evil,' and 'Lethal White'

In april 2013, Rowling broke into a new genre, crime fiction, through a novel she published under ns pen benennen Robert Galbraith. In the zuerst few month following die release von Cuckoo Calling, ns novel had actually modest sales und received hopeful reviews. Sales zum the work skyrocketed in July wie its author's identity was discovered.

According to Bloomberg News, Rowling stated that "I had hoped kommen sie keep this mystery a little longer, because being robert Galbraith has been together a liberating experience. It has been wonderful kommen sie publish without hype or expectation, und pure pleasure kommen sie get feedback under a various name."

Rowling released three much more books under the pen name Robert Galbraith: The Silkworm in June 2014 and Career of Evil, released bei October 2015, adhered to by Lethal White in september 2018.