A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam"s date of birth 2021: Today ist the bear anniversary des the former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Know much more about the "Missile man of India.

Du schaust: A. p. j. abdul kalam


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Source: www.india.com

Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born ~ above 15 October, 1931 kommen sie a Tamil Muslim family bei Rameswaram, then in Madras Presidency in British India und now an Tamil Nadu. His father"s benennen was Jainulabdeen, who was a watercraft owner und imam von a regional mosque. His mother"s benennen was Ashiamma, who was a housewife.

Abdul Kalam was the youngest of five siblings, die eldest was a sister, specific Asim Zohra and three elder brothers, namely Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Mustafa Kalam und Kasim Mohammed. He was close zu his family und always helps them, though he remained ns bachelor his whole life.

His ancestors had actually been well-off traders and landowners, with plenty of properties und large tracts von land. They trade groceries betwee the mainland und the island to and from Srilanka and also ferrying die pilgrims from ns mainland to ns Pamban Island. So, your family gott the location "Mara Kalam Iyakkivar" (wooden watercraft steerers) und later recognized as "Marakier."

But über the 1920s, his family had shed most von his fortune; their businesses failed and by die time Abdul Kalam was born are an the stage of poverty-stricken. Kommen sie help ns family, Kalam started selling newspapers at bei early age.

In his institution days, Kalam had average tun but was described together a bright and hardworking student who had a solid desire zu learn. Mathematics was his taste interest.

"Knowledge there is no action ist useless und irrelevant. Expertise with action converts adversity right into prosperity.""Education gives you wings zu fly. Accomplishment comes out of fire bei our subconscious mind that ‘I will win."

He had completed his matriculation from Schwartz greater Secondary School, Ramanathapuram and later he went kommen sie Saint Joseph"s College wherein he came to be a physics graduate. Bei 1955, that went kommen sie Madras kommen sie study aerospace engineering hinweisen Madras Institute des Technology.

During his der dritte tag year des graduation, he was assigned a job to entwurf a low-level assault aircraft along with a few other students. Your teacher had offered them a chop deadline weil das completing the project, it was very difficult. Kalam operated hard under tremendous pressure und finally completed his job within the stipulated deadline. Die teacher was impressed über the dedication des Kalam.

As a result, Kalam wants kommen sie become a fighter pilot however he gott 9th position an the qualifiers list und only eight positions were available bei the IAF.

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A.P.J Abdul Kalam: Education and Career

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Source: www.digtoknow.com

A.P.J Abdul Kalam had completed his graduation an 1957 from die Madras Institute of Technology and an 1958 as a scientist, he had joined ns Aeronautical advancement Establishment of the Defence Research and Development organisation (DRDO).

In die early 1960s, he worked with die Indian national Committee weil das Space study (INCOSPAR) under die renowned space scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

He had started his career von designing a klein hovercraft punkt DRDO.

After visiting NASA"s Langely research Centre in Hampton, Virginia; Goddard an are Flight Centre in Greenbelt, Maryland und Wallops flight Facility an 1963-64, he had started working on in expandable rocket job independently an 1965 at DRDO.

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He was not much satisfied v his work at DRDO and when he received auslieferung orders to the ISRO bei 1969 he came to be happy. There he served as the project director of the SLV-III which properly deployed ns Rohini satellite in near-earth orbit bei July 1980. It zu sein India"s zuerst indigenously designed und produced satellite beginning vehicle.

Kalam received the government"s approval in 1969 und expanded ns programme zu include an ext engineers. Bei the 1970s, he had made bei effort to develop ns Polar Satellite Launch automobile (PSLV) with in aim zu allow India kommen sie launch that is Indian far Sensing (IRS) satellite right into Sun-Synchronous orbit, PSLV project was successful und on 20 september 1993, that was first launched.

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Source: www. Slideserve.com

"Dream ist not the which you seen while resting it is something that does notfall let freundin sleep."

Raja Ramanna invite Abdul Kalam kommen sie witness ns country"s erste nuclear test, laugh Buddha, as the representative of TBRL, even though that had notfall participated in its development.

In ns 1970s, Abdul Kalam command two projects namely task Devil und Project Valiant. Do sie know about the Project Devil? the was in early liquid-fuelled missile task aimed hinweisen producing a short-range surface-to-air missile. This job was notfall successful and was discontinued bei the 1980s und later it led to the development von the Prithvi missile. On ns other hand Project Valiant aimed at ns development des intercontinental ballistic missiles. This was also not successful.

An Indian Ministry of Defence programme managed über DRDO bei partnership with other government organisations launched ns Integrated Guided Missile development programme (IGMDP) in the early on 1980s. Abdul Kalam was asked to lead die project and an 1983 the returned zu DRDO together Chief Executive des IGMDP 1983.

The programme led to ns development des four projects namely Short selection surface-to-surface missile (Prithvi), Short selection low-level surface-to-air missile (Trishul), Medium selection surface-to-air missile (Akash) und Third-generation anti-tank missile (Nag).

"The welt today is integrally connected through 4 rapid connectivities. Lock are die environment, people, economy, und ideas."

Under ns leadership von Abdul Kalam, the project des IGMDP proved kommen sie be successful von producing missiles prefer the zuerst Prithvi missile bei 1988 and then ns Agni missile an 1989. Due kommen sie his contribution, he was known as ns "Missile einer of India."

In 1992, he was appointed as ns Scientific adviser to ns Defence Minister. With the rank von a room minister, an 1999, he was appointed as ns Principal scientific Adviser to the Government von India.

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Source: www.themuslimtimes.info.com

Abdul Kalam play a significant role in conducting the Pokhran-II, a series of five nuclear bomb prüfen explosions in May 1998. With the success des these tests, he gott the status des a national hero und then prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee asserted India a full-fledged nuclear state.

Not this much, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam an 1998 proposed a countrywide plan called an innovation Vision 2020 zu make India a emerged nation von the year 2020 und suggested atom empowerment, various technological innovations, improvement von agricultural productivity, etc.

In 2002, the national Democratic Alliance (NDA) was an power and nominate Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam for the post von the President des India. Being a popular national figure, he won ns presidential election easily.

Do you know that Abdul Kalam with the cardiologist Soma Raju in 1998 arisen a low-cost coronary stent named "Kalam-Raju Stent"? Further an 2012, a rugged tablet computer zum health care an rural areas ist designed which was named "Kalam-Raju Tablet".

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam together a President des India (2002 zu 2007)

- ~ above 10 June 2002, the NDA federal government proposed Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam"s name for the presidential post to ns Leader von Opposition, conference President Sonia Gandhi.

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Source: www.abdulkalam.nic.in

- Dr. Abdul Kalam served as die President of India from 25 July 2002 kommen sie 25 July 2007. He was the zuerst scientist and the first bachelor kommen sie occupy the Rashtrapati Bhawan.

"A Leader must schutz a "Vision" for in organisation, "Passion" to work for achieving the goals, "Curiosity" to travel bei unexplored path und ‘Courage" zu take decisions."

- Do freundin know that an the presidential choice he got approx 922,884 votes and defeated Lakshmi Sehgal.

- that became the 11th President des India über succeeding K.R Narayanan.

- that received the prestigious Bharat Ratna and became ns third President to receive ns highest civilian honour ~ Dr. Sarvapali Radhakrishnan in 1954 Dr. Zakir Hussain in 1963.

- Dr. Abdul Kalam was deshalb known as the People"s President.

- According to Dr. Kalam, the toughest decision taken von him as the President was signing the bill of office des Profit.

- over the prozess of his five-year term, he continued to be committed to his vision des transforming India right into a occurred nation.

- He was however criticised zum his inaction kommen sie decide ns fate des 20 mercy petitions out des 21, consisting of that des the Kashmiri terror Afzal Guru, who was convicted for the parliament attacks in December 2001.

- the decided notfall to contest ns Presidential choice again in 2007 und stepped down as die president on 25 July 2007.

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A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: post Presidency

- after leaving the office, Dr. Abdul Kalam chose the academic field and became a visiting professor at die Indian Institute of Management Shillong, ns Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, the Indian Institute of Management Indore, in honorary fellow des the Indian Institute des Science, Bangalore.

- He also served as the chancellor von the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology Thiruvananthapuram, professor of Aerospace design at anna University, and an adjunct weist many other academic and research institutions throughout India.

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"When freundin speak, speak ns truth; perform wie you promise; discharge your trust... Withhold your hands native striking, and from taking that which ist unlawful and bad."

- The die info technology was so taught by him weist the international Institute of information Technology, Hyderabad, und technology at Banaras Hindu University und Anna University.

- in 2011, he was criticised von civil groups over his gestanden on Koodankulam Nuclear stärke Plant as he had actually supported the establishment of the nuclear energie plant und was accused of notfall speaking with ns local people.

- "What kann sein I offer Movement" a programme launched von Dr. Abdul Kalam zum the youth des India through a central theme von defeating corruption.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Death

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Source: www.tubemp3.biz.com

On 27 July 2015, Dr. Abdul Kalam was delivering a lecture weist IIM Shillong whereby he endured a heart attack und his condition became critical, so, he was shifted zu Bethany Hospital whereby thereafter, the died des cardiac arrest. His tonnage words, zu Srijan Pal Singh, to be "Funny guy! Are freundin doing well?"

"It ist very easy zu defeat someone, yet it is very hard to win someone."

On 30 July 2015, ns former President was laid kommen sie rest weist Rameshwaram"s Pei Karumbu soil with zustand honours. Do freundin know that about 350,000 civilization attended the last ritual des Kalam, including the Prime Minister des India, ns Governor von Tamil Nadu und the chef Minister des Karnataka, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh?

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A.P.J. Abdul Kalam national Memorial

In the memory des late chairman Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam, a memorial was built on his nennen at Pei Karumbu, bei the island town von Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. On 27 July, 2017 it was inaugurated von the prime Minister von India, Narendra Modi.

Do freundin know who developed this memorial? It was built by the Defence study & Development organisation (DRDO).

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Source: www.hindustantimes.com

In ns memorial assorted replica of rockets und missiles are retained which shows the work des Dr. Abdul Kalam. Also, part acrylic paintings around his life are so displayed in addition to hundreds des portraits the depict ns life von Dr. Kalam.

At ns entrance of the memorial, a statue of Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was placed showing ihm playing Veena a musical instrument. With these two more statues space there in sitting and standing posture?

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Awards und Achievements

- in 1981, Dr. Kalam obtained Padma Bhushan from die Government of India.

- in 1990, Dr. Kalam received Padma Vibhushan from the Government von India.

- in 1994 and 1995, differentiated Fellow and Honorary Fellow by Institute von Directors India und National Academy von Medical Sciences.

- in 1997, he had received Bharat Ratna indigenous Government von India und Indira Gandhi Award zum National Integration from ns Indian national Congress.

- in 1998, Veer Savarkar award from ns Government von India.

- an 2000, Ramanujan compensation from Alwars study Centre, Chennai.

- bei 2007, he was honoured with ns King charles II Medal über the royal Society, U.K., und Doctorate des Science from ns University of Wolverhampton, UK.

- bei 2008, that won ns Hoover Medal given über ASME Foundation, USA und received a Doctor von Engineering indigenous Nanyang technological University, Singapore.

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Source: www.beaninspirer.com

- bei 2009, ns California Institute von Technology, U.S.A, gift Kalam with the International by Karman wing Award, Hoover Medal by ASME Foundation, USA and Honorary Doctorate von Oakland University.

- bei 2010, Doctor des Engineering von University of Waterloo.

- in 2011, the IEEE honoured Kalam v IEEE Honorary Membership.

- in 2012, Doctor des Laws von Simon Fraser University.

- an 2013, über Braun Award von the national Space Society.

- in 2014, Doctor des Science by the edinburgh University, UK.

"Sometimes, it zu sein better to bunk a class and enjoy through friends, since now, when ich look back, marks never make me laugh, however memories do."

- Dr. Kalam was die recipient des honorary doctorates native 40 universities.

- Also, Dr. Kalam"s 79th birthday was recognised as world Student"s Day von the vereinigt Nations. He was also nominated zum the MTV Youth Icon des the Year in 2003 and an 2006.

- following his death, he received several tributes like ns Tamil Nadu zustand Government on fünfzehn October that is on his date of birth announced kommen sie observe across the state as “Youth renaissance Day”. Further, the state Government instituted die Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam award constituting an 8 gm gelb medal, a certificate, und Rs 500,000.

- On self-reliance Day, from 2015, the award wollen be awarded yearly to die residents des the zustand with ns achievements in promoting scientific growth, the humanities, or die welfare des students.

- Not only this, on 15 October, 2015 die 84th anniversary of Kalam’s birth, Narendra Modi, die Prime Minister of India so released postage stamps commemorating Kalam weist DRDO Bhawan in New Delhi.

- A new bacterium as ns filters von the international Space terminal (ISS) named Solibacillus Kalami to honour ns late president Dr. Abdul Kalam was discovered von the researchers at die NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

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A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: legacy

As we recognize that Dr. Abdul Kalam was ns youngest child in his family and was close kommen sie his parents und his brothers and sisters. He never married und served his relatives" entirety life. No doubt he was a very simple person with a an easy lifestyle. He own a few possessions including veena and a collection von books. He was a kind-hearted man, a vegetarian and consumed basic food.

"For a good men religiös is a way von making friends; klein people make religion a fighting tool."

According zu S.M khan who was close zu Dr. Abdul Kalam created a book die Peoples president on Abdul Kalam claims "He lived the life von a true Muslim yet had high respect weil das all various other religions und believed the humanism zu sein the greatest quality des a person being. “He would execute namaaz every job but also read Bhagwat Gita. Playing die veena has nothing zu do v religion. Zum him, devotionalien was a mitarbeiter matter und used to emphasise that one should not make that a matter of pomp und show. The used zu say in your dealings through the die gesellschaft you have to it is in a humanist. Dr. Kalam frequently used kommen sie cite ns story of how his mentor Vikram Sarabhai asked for church festland for clinical research und got the because die bishop thought that both science und spirituality seek die Almighty’s blessings weil das human prosperity, mind und body."

While moving a great at die Indian Institute von Management Shillong top top 27 July 2015, he collapsed und was rushed to ns Bethany Hospital, wherein he was confirmed tot of cardiac arrest and on 30 July 2015 belastung rituals were performed punkt Pei Karumbu Island, Rameswaram.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Educational and Scientific establishments

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Source: www. Indiatimes.com

Do freundin know that assorted educational, scientific institutions and some locations are named bei honour von Dr. Abdul Kalam? They are as follows:

- On ns day of Kalam"s funeral, bei agricultural college at Kishanganj, Bihar was renamed as the "Dr. Kalam farming College, Kishanganj" von the Bihar state Government.

- Uttar Pradesh Technical university (UPTU) was renamed "A.P.J. Abdul Kalam technical University" von the Uttar Pradesh state government.

- A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Memorial Travancore Institute des Digestive Diseases, a neu research institute bei Kollam city, Kerala enclosed to the Travancore medical College Hospital.

- in September 2014, India und the US have launched ns Fulbright-Kalam Climate Fellowship. The fellowship wollen be operated über the binational US-India Educational foundation (USIEF) under the Fulbright programme.

- Kerala technological University, headquartered punkt Thiruvananthapuram wherein Kalam lived zum years, was renamed A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technological universität after his death.

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Books

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Source: www.careerindia.com

- India 2020: A Vision for the new Millennium (co-authored with Yagnaswami Sundara Rajan, (1998)

- Wings of Fire: in Autobiography (1999)

- Ignited Minds: Unleashing the power Within India (2002)

- die Luminous Sparks (2004)

- mission India (2005)

- motivating Thoughts (2007)

- freundin Are Born zu Blossom: take it My Journey beyond (co-authored with Arun Tiwari, 2011)

- Envisioning and Empowered Nation

- Target 3 Billion von A.P.J. Kalam and Srijan Pal singh (December 2011)

- transforming Points: A trip Through challenges (2012)

- my Journey: Transforming dreams into action (2013)

- A Manifesto for Change: A Sequel zu India 2020 (co-authored with V. Ponraj, 2014)

- Reignited: scientific Pathways zu a Brighter Future von A.P.J. Abdul Kalam und Srijan Pal sink (2015)

- Transcendence: My spiritual Experiences v Pramukh Swamiji (co-authored v Arun Tiwari, 2015)

- benefit India: indigenous Challenge kommen sie Opportunity von A.P.J. Abdul Kalam und Srijan Pal singh (2015)

- Governance zum growth in India (2014)

Biographies top top A.P.J. Abdul Kalam

- Eternal Quest: Life und Times of Dr. Kalam von S Chandra, 2002

- president A.P.J. Abdul Kalam von R K Pruthi, 2002

- A.P.J.Abdul Kalam: die Visionary des India von K Bhushan und G Katyal, 2002

- the Kalam Effect: My year with the President über PM Nair, 2008

- A wenig Dream (Documentary film) von P. Dhanapal, (2008)

- mine Days v Mahatma Abdul Kalam von Fr A K George, 2009

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam: Famous quotes

- “Don’t take remainder after your zuerst victory due to the fact that if sie fail in second, more lips are waiting zu say the your erste victory was nur luck.”

- "Dream, dream, dream. Dreams verwandeln into thoughts and thoughts result bei action."

- “If sie fail, never give trost because FAIL means "First Attempt bei Learning".

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- “If sie want kommen sie shine prefer a sun. First, burn like the sun."

- "All von us perform not oase equal talent. But, all of us have in equal opportunity kommen sie develop our talents."

- "All Birds discover shelter during die rain. But Eagle avoids rain von flying above the Clouds.”

- “Excellence ist a continuous process and not in accident.”

- “Do we not realize the self-respect comes v self-reliance?”

- “My 2020 Vision zum India ist to veränderung it into a occurred nation. That cannot be abstract; it is a lifeline.”...... Etc.

Source: Encyclopedia, economics Times, DRDO

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